Assalam o Alaikum (May Peace be with you all)!
This blog post of mine revolves around Hijab, all about Hijab!
WHAT IS HIJAB?
Literally the Arabic word Hijab means “Screen” or “Curtain” and so its purpose is to shield. Hijab is generally taken as a piece of cloth used by Muslim women to cover their heads. It is also called a head scarf. People wear Hijab in different ways; some of them just cover their heads and some also cover their faces, extending the Hijab into a Niqab.
PURPOSE OF HIJAB
Hijab, to many of us, may just seem a small piece cloth but it , in itself, means complete dignity. Women wearing Hijab feel a sense of protection of their dignities and graces from evil eyes. Hijab makes one feel, secure as the main purpose of Hijab is to make a women feel very precious so that she remains protected. A woman in Hijab is just like a pearl in a shell, it’s in the shell because it is special! The Muslimaat (Muslim women) wearing Hijab are freed from so many social pressures that other women in today’s society have to bear. In fact, today’s woman has become a show piece and so she has to dress up and make over herself, in such a way that she looks attractive, to avoid being pinpointed in the society.This is a lot of pressure especially for the teenage girls. But Islam always teaches simplicity and so hijab frees one from such social pressures and barriers, to have simplicity under the veil and live a graceful life. That is the reason Hijab in any form (with or without Abaya) is and should be very simple, so that it does not become a source of attraction for men.
IMPORTANCE AND OBLIGATION OF HIJAB
If we go keenly through the Holy Qur’an and the Ahadith of Prophet Muhammad (SallAllaahu Alaiyhi Wasallam), we find very obvious instructions about the importance of Hijab.
In the Light of Qur’an
In Surah Noor, Allah(Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) says,
“And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent and to draw their veils all over Juyoobihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms) and not to reveal their adornment except to their husbands, or their fathers, or their husband’s fathers, or their sons, or their husband’s sons, or their brothers or their brothers’ sons, or their sisters’ sons, or their (Muslim) women (i.e. their sisters in Islam), or the (female) slaves whom their right hands possess, or old male servants who lack vigor, or small children. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And all of you beg Allaah to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful.” [al-Noor 24:31]
In Surah al-Ahzab ayah 59, Allah(Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) says:
Ya ayyuha an-Nabiyy qul li azwajika wa banatika wa nisa al-mu’minin
yudnina alayhinna min jalabib hinna; dhalika adna an yu’rafna fa laa
yu’dhayn. Wa kana Allahu Ghafur Rahim.
O Prophet! Say to your wives and your daughters and the women of the faithful to draw their outer garments (jilbabs) close around themselves; that is better that they will be recognized and not annoyed. And God is ever Forgiving, Gentle.
In another Ayah of Surah Al-Ahzab Allah says,
“O you who believe! Enter not the Prophet’s houses, unless permission is given to you for a meal, (and then) not (so early as) to wait for its preparation. But when you are invited, enter, and when you have taken your meal, disperse without sitting for a talk. Verily, such (behaviour) annoys the Prophet, and he is shy of (asking) you (to go); but Allaah is not shy of (telling you) the truth. And when you ask (his wives) for anything you want, ask them from behind a screen, that is purer for your hearts and for their hearts. And it is not (right) for you that you should annoy Allaah’s Messenger, nor that you should ever marry his wives after him (his death). Verily, with Allaah that shall be an enormity.” [Al-Ahzaab 33:53]
From this Ayah, we came of know about the Hijabs of our Umahaat (mothers).
All these Ayaat (verses) tell us that Hijab is an obligation by Allah Almighty for all the Muslim women. They make us realize that when Islam started to spread, the Muslim women did not wear Hijab and it was later that Allah revealed an Ayah [al-Noor 24:31] making Hijab compulsory. That is the answer to all those who term Hijab just as a part of ‘Arabic cultural dress’!If after reading the above verses, one does not wear a Hijab, she’ll surely be disobeying Allah by not following His orders.
In the Light of Ahadith
We also come to know about the Hijab being an obligation from the Ahadith.
Allah’s Apostle used to offer the Fajr prayer and some believing women covered with their veiling sheets used to attend the Fajr prayer with him and then they would return to their homes unrecognized.
It was narrated from ‘A’ ishah that Asma’ bint Abi Bakr (Allah be pleased with them both) entered upon the Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and grant him peace) while wearing thin clothing, so he turned away from her and said, “O Asma! Indeed when a woman reaches [the age of] puberty, it is not proper that anything should be shown except this and this”, and he pointed to his face and hands. (Abu Dawud transmitted it)
(Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4481.). The following version was narrated by Abu Dawood (4102):
May Allaah have mercy on the Muhaajir women. When Allaah revealed the words “and to draw their veils all over Juyoobihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms)”, they tore the thickest of their aprons (a kind of garment) and covered their faces with them.
So from the light of Quran and Sunnah, it is quite obvious that Hijab is an obligation and all Muslim women must observe Hijab, covering their entire body (according to some explanations face and hands can remain uncovered but the better way is to cover them too).
WHAT IF A MUSLIMAH DOES NOT WEAR HIJAB?
When we look around us, we see so many Muslim women who do not wear Hijab.It is the responsibility of those who know , to tell those sisters about the importance of Hijab because if a sister does not wear Hijab, it may cost her much in the world hereafter.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 4 Surah Nisaa verses 13-14:
13 Those are limits set by Allah: those who obey Allah and His Messenger will be admitted to Gardens with rivers flowing beneath to abide therein (for ever); and that will be the Supreme Achievement.
14 But those who disobey Allah and His Messenger and transgress His limits will be admitted to a Fire to abide therein: and they shall have a humiliating punishment.
Sahih Muslim Hadith 6840,Narrated by Abu Hurayrah
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There are two types of the people of Hell that I have not seen yet: men with whips like the tails of cattle, with which they strike the people, and women who are clothed yet naked, walking with an enticing gait, with something on their heads that looks like the humps of camels, leaning to one side. They will never enter Paradise or even smell its fragrance, although its fragrance can be detected from such and such a distance.”
As the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said,
”Ballighu ‘anni wa lau ayah”
“If you listen even one verse from me , spread it.” (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith 2838)
And we have read many Ayaat and Ahadith about Hijab, so now we have to spread it to those who do not know.
May Allah reward you all for your efforts in sha Allah.