Tag Archives: submission

The Hearts that Allaah Likes

Assalam u alaikum wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh.

This is part 1 in a series of 3 posts I will be making in shaa Allaah under the category of:

أنواع القلوب فى القرآن الكريم The Types of Hearts in the Noble Quran

(As heard in a lecture by Qari Suhaib Ahmad Meer Muhammadi Hafizahullaah in the annual conference – Jubail)

As a foreword I would like to mention that these “types” are actually different states of the heart which a single heart can have in different times. Shaykh Ibn e Uthaymeen Rahimahullaah said that every beat of “breath” of the heart is a state of it. When the heart remains in a single state for a long time, then that is what becomes its Creed.

There are many types of hearts that Allaah subhaanahu wa ta’aalaa has mentioned in the Quran. From them the ones that Allaah likes are:

1 – القلبُ السَّلِيْمْ The Sound Heart

It is the heart that is full of sincerity to Allaah and Taqwa and free of infidelity and hypocrisy and immorality.

As Allaah SWT says in the Quran:

إِلَّا مَنْ أَتَى اللَّـهَ بِقَلْبٍ سَلِيمٍ But only one who comes to Allah with a sound heart. [26:89]

 

2 – القلبُ المُنِيْبْ The Repentant Heart

It is the heart that is persistent in returning to Allaah in repentance and always returning to His obedience.

As Allaah SWT says in the Quran:

مَّنْ خَشِيَ الرَّحْمَـٰنَ بِالْغَيْبِ وَجَاءَ بِقَلْبٍ مُّنِيبٍ ﴿٣٣﴾ ادْخُلُوهَا بِسَلَامٍ ۖ ذَٰلِكَ يَوْمُ الْخُلُودِ ﴿٣٤

Who feared the Most Merciful unseen and came with a heart returning [in repentance]. Enter it in peace. This is the Day of Eternity.”[50:33-34]

 

3 – القلبُ المُخْبِتْ The Submissive Heart

The word “ikhbaat” in Arabic means a lot of focus.

It is the heart that focuses a lot towards Allaah, filled with the love of Allaah. Such a heart has peace in it and Allaah SWT says about such a heart in the Quran:

وَلِيَعْلَمَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ أَنَّهُ الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكَ فَيُؤْمِنُوا بِهِ فَتُخْبِتَ لَهُ قُلُوبُهُمْ ۗ وَإِنَّ اللَّـهَ لَهَادِ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ

And so those who were given knowledge may know that it is the truth from your Lord and [therefore] believe in it, and their hearts humbly submit to it. And indeed is Allah the Guide of those who have believed to a straight path. [22:54]

 

4 – القلبُ الوجِلْ The Fearful Heart

It is the heart that creates in itself the fear that whether its good deeds will be accepted by Allaah or not. It is always thinking about this and wonders what will happen to it on the Day of Qiyaamah. Allaah says about such a heart in the Quran

وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْتُونَ مَا آتَوا وَّقُلُوبُهُمْ وَجِلَةٌ أَنَّهُمْ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ رَاجِعُونَ 

And they who give what they give while their hearts are fearful because they will be returning to their Lord. [23:60]

Imam Ahmad recorded from ‘Aishah: I said: “O Messenger of Allaah,

(And those who give that which they give with their hearts full of fear…) Are these the ones who steal and commit Zina and drink alcohol while fearing Allaah?”

The Messenger of Allaah replied:

(No, O daughter of Abu Bakr. O daughter of As-Siddiq, the one who prays, fast and gives in charity, fearing Allaah). This was recorded by At-Tirmidhi, and Ibn Abi Hatim recorded something similar in which the Prophet said:

(No, O daughter of As-Siddiq, they are the ones who pray and fast and give in charity while fearing that it will not be accepted from them, (It is these who hasten  in the good deeds.)) This is how Ibn ‘Abbas, Muhammad bin Ka’b Al-Qurazi and Al-Hasan Al-Basri interpreted this Ayah.

Hazrat Aamir bin Rabee’ah reports that he once saw Umar (RadiAllaahu Anhu) pick up a twig from the ground and say, “I wish I had been this twig. I wish that I had never been created. I wish that I had been nothing. I wish that my mother had never given birth to me. I wish that I had been something gone and forgotten.”

Ibn Mubaarak, Ibn Sa’d, Ibn Abi Shaybah, Musaddad and Ibn Asaakir.

 

5 – القلبُ التَّقِّيْ The Pious Heart

It is the heart that sees and honors the signs of Allaah around it. Allaah SWT says about such a heart:

وَمَن يُعَظِّمْ شَعَائِرَ اللَّـهِ فَإِنَّهَا مِن تَقْوَى الْقُلُوب

And whoever honors the symbols of Allah – indeed, it is from the piety of hearts. [22:32]

The scholars are the inheritors of Prophets and due to their knowledge they are the most fearful of Allaah. (Reported by Ibn Majah, At-Tirmidhee and Ibn Hibbaan. Al-Bukhaaree mentioned in his Saheeh Collection in his Book of Knowledge, Chapter: Knowledge precedes Speech and Action, the part from it: “The scholars are the inheritors of the Prophets.”)

The scholars say that those who do not respect the people of knowledge cannot be pious.

At the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him), a person such described the reciters of the Quran: When it is time to fight, they flee. But when it is time to eat, they are the first ones. One of the Sahaba (radiAllaahu anhu) heard this and said you have lied, and was on his way to communicate this to the Prophet (peace be upon him) when the following verse was revealed:

وَلَئِن سَأَلْتَهُمْ لَيَقُولُنَّ إِنَّمَا كُنَّا نَخُوضُ وَنَلْعَبُ ۚ قُلْ أَبِاللَّـهِ وَآيَاتِهِ وَرَسُولِهِ كُنتُمْ تَسْتَهْزِئُونَ

And if you ask them, they will surely say, “We were only conversing and playing.” Say, “Is it Allah and His verses and His Messenger that you were mocking?” [9:65]

Allaah and His Messenger were not being mocked. But in reality the people of knowledge, the people of Quran, the scholars, were being mocked and Allaah related it to mocking Allaah and His Messenger (peace be upon him).

 

6 – القلبُ المَهْدِي The Guided Heart

It is the heart that is satisfied on the Qadr of Allaah and is satisfied with His decisions.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said that whoever wants to know his status in the sight of Allaah should look at his heart and see how satisfied it is with the decisions of Allaah. Allaah said about such a heart in the Quran:

مَا أَصَابَ مِن مُّصِيبَةٍ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ اللَّـهِ ۗوَمَن يُؤْمِن بِاللَّـهِ يَهْدِ قَلْبَهُ ۚ وَاللَّـهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ

No disaster strikes except by permission of Allah. And whoever believes in Allah – He will guide his heart. And Allah is Knowing of all things. [64:11]

Whatever is decreed for you, you will get it even if it is buried under the mountains. Whatever is not decreed for you, you will not get it even if it is in your hands.

Imam Ghazali Rahimahullaah used to say that if man was told to write what he wants and the disadvantages of that are also written, then he is shown what Allaah has written for him he will tear apart what he has written for himself and will say I am pleased with what Allaah has written for me.

 

7 – القلبُ المُطْمَئِنْ The Satisfied Heart

It is the heart that, due to the remembrance of Allaah, is calm, tranquil, and satisfied. Allaah SWT says in the Quran.

الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَتَطْمَئِنُّ قُلُوبُهُم بِذِكْرِ اللَّـهِ ۗ أَلَا بِذِكْرِ اللَّـهِ تَطْمَئِنُّ الْقُلُوبُ

Those who have believed and whose hearts are assured by the remembrance of Allah. Unquestionably, by the remembrance of Allah hearts are assured. [13:28]

When we compare the number of suicides committed by Muslims as opposed to non-Muslims, the number is higher for non-Muslims. This is because their hearts are not satisfied. Even after doing and achieving everything in the world, they realize there is still an empty space that they cannot fill.

Likewise, billionaires, despite having an abundance of money, still take the aid of sleeping pills to fall asleep. In contrast, look at the people of the Quran and Hadith. They sleep so soundly that sometimes you have to try very hard just to wake them up for Fajr. 🙂

If you keep your tongue wet by the Zikr of Allaah you will be free from all the worries of the world.

 

8 – القلبُ الحَيَّ The Living Heart

It is the heart that listens carefully to the Quran. It ponders over how the previous nations were destroyed by Allaah. Allaah says in the Quran:

إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَذِكْرَىٰ لِمَن كَانَ لَهُ قَلْبٌ أَوْ أَلْقَى السَّمْعَ وَهُوَ شَهِيدٌ

Verily, therein is indeed a reminder for him who has a heart or gives ear while he is heedful. [50:37]

These reminders only benefit those who have a heedful heart. Otherwise there were people who sat with the Prophet (peace be upon him) and yet the best of reminders did not benefit them.

May Allaah make our heart the way that He loves. Ameen.

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My Ramadan Diary: Abort Mission NOW!

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By Umm Ibrahim

Physical intake should decrease in Ramadan; spiritual intake should increase. One of the best ways to increase spiritual intake is to connect to the Quran, to recite it and reflect on it, individually and in a group. Both modes have their own benefits and virtues.

Alhamdolillah, I’ve been trying to attend Quran sessions daily. The 20-min journey to and fro provides quiet time to think and reflect. One of the things that I always think about during this journey is: death. The reason being as straightforward as this: I pass a huge, sprawling graveyard on the way.

As the car zooms by, I recite the Prophetic dua for the occasion. One of the versions say:

“Peace be upon you all,
O inhabitants of the dwellings (i.e. the graves),
amongst the believers and the Muslims.
Indeed, we are soon to follow (i.e. to die as believers also) inshaAllah,
We ask Allah for well-being for us and for you.”

(Muslim, an-Nasai, Ibn Majah)

This is truly an amazing dua. See how it shifts focus from the dead to the living, from the grave-dwellers to us- the travelers of the dunya, who are about to hit the grave one day too.

It is just as if the dead are telling us through their condition:

We were like you one day
You shall be like us one day.

Yes, the graveyards are full of ‘indispensable’ people. Young mothers, busy professionals, university students- all had met the angel of death suddenly, at the appointed time and place. They thought they still had plenty of time. They thought they would do better tomorrow. Except that the command came from the Highest Authority for their mission to be aborted; and for them to be unceremoniously plucked out of the examination hall, to be sent to the waiting room/internment center until the results are formally announced.

Death is enough as a reminder. Whenever I feel lazy to go to class, or follow the commandments of Allah, or matters in life seem heavy upon my soul, death is enough as a reminder. For those who procrastinate and kill time, death is sufficient as a shocker.

This could be our last Ramadan. Where’s the guarantee that it isn’t?

The graves might already have been dug while we are heedless.
The cloth for the shrouds might already have reached the marketplace.
Who knows?

We were all manufactured with an expiry date. Make hay while the sun shines.

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Diary of A Spoilt Brat

 

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By Umm Ibrahim

The ever-alert guard slides open the gate, and my chauffeur-driven car glides in smoothly to a view of lush green grass, and all the colors of spring in bloom. I step out and look around at the gardeners busy working away in the sun.

“I have to leave in 30 minutes again.” I instruct the driver.

Opening the front door, I make a mental list of all the things I need to do in these 30 minutes, before I head to my friend’s place. It is simply a list of all the orders I need to give.

I dial the maid’s extension and the maid responds on the first bell.

“Come inside please. I need to get my clothes ironed.”

“Ji, baji.” She complies obediently.

In less than 2 minutes, she’s inside. I hand her the clothes, and ring the chef’s extension. I tap my fingers impatiently as the bell rings 6 or 7 times. I’m getting irritated.

“Where on earth is this man?”

He picks up the phone and I can sense the hint of drowsiness in his voice.

“Did I wake him up from his afternoon nap?” I wonder.

I give him instructions to fix me a quick snack. After 10 minutes, the clothes are ironed. The maid is given new instructions to clean up my messed-up room.

The bedroom phone rings. It’s the chef: “Food is on the dining table, Madam.”

Too lazy to go downstairs, I say, “Tell the butler to bring it in the lounge upstairs.”

Everything is working like clockwork. After satiating my stomach, I decide to get some shut-eye before heading out again. It has been a long day.

The ringing of my mobile phone shakes me up.

“Where on earth are you?” It’s my best friend.

“Oh sorry…I just took a nap for a few minutes. What’s the time? Oh 4 pm. It’s been an hour. I’ll be there soon.”

I hurriedly get dressed and head out. The driver is waiting, standing next to the car. I realize he must have been there since the past 45 minutes.

“Have you been waiting for long?” I try to mumble an apology.

“Not at all, Madam. That’s my duty, Madam.” He replies.

Before stepping into the car, I notice a flowerpot of withering petunias. I call out to the gardener. He looks up from the weeding and comes hurrying. As I point out the flower pot to him, he apologizes profusely, and immediately gets to work fixing it.

I step in the car and lean back. The guard, ever-alert, opens the gate and the car slides out.

—————————————————————————————————————————————–

I don’t have to lift a finger to do anything. Well actually, that’s just an exaggeration. I do have to lift a finger. In fact, I have to lift a phone and order around people to get any chore done.

My life has all the trappings of making me a spoilt brat! Raised in the lap of luxury, I admit that I sometimes find it difficult to keep my heart humble and to keep my feet firmly planted on the ground. If it wasn’t for the eye-opening realities that the Quran teaches me, I might as well have been an arrogant, annoying little Ms. Stuck-Up through-and-through. I know people who envy this lifestyle. If only they knew: prosperity is a test so veiled that very few pass it as compared to adversity!

—————————————————————————————————————————————–

The servants sometimes surprise me with their efficiency. There is the occasional inefficient one who gets in, but gets kicked out soon enough. In a military environment, the servants are specially trained to be disciplined and obedient at all times.

They have entered into an employer-employee relationship where they know their duties and job timings and requirements and stick to it religiously.

Take the driver- I could order him to come at 2 am to take us to the airport- he would do it without so much as a squeak.
But what about me? I find it difficult to crawl out of my cozy bed when my Master calls me for Fajr.

Take the chef- He makes what we ask him to, when we ask him to (and eats the same too).
But I often give precedence to my own choices as opposed to my Master’s.

Take the guard- he keeps vigil at the gate all night.
How few, almost non-existent, are the nights when I actually stayed up all night, just for my Master.

Take the maid- she just listens and obeys to all we say.
But me, pathetic little me? Sometimes I choose to ignore what my Master says, sometimes I openly defy it, sometimes I look for loopholes.

I suspect the servants do what they can when I am not looking. When I’m not home, they might be lounging on my sofa, watching TV! But at least, they would never do it when I’m watching. Because they are forbidden to do so. Because it displeases me.

And what about me? I disobey my Master while He watches me! I dare to defy him while He observes and records.

I can never imagine these people openly disobeying me openly. They are just servants.

And who am I? I am not just a servant. I am a slave. A Slave of Allah. I renew this contract every single day with the words: “Iyyaka Na’budu” – You alone we worship; You alone we enslave ourselves to. But do I really accept being a slave? Do I really know my duties and job timings and requirements? Where is my humility and submissiveness that is due before Him? Ahh! How true is the word of Allah:

“Surely, man is to his Master, very ungrateful.” (Surah al-‘Aadiyaat, ayah 6)

From our servants, our employees, we expect nothing short of 100% obedience. Say, if they are late, they might get excused the first day, told off the second day, and kicked out for good the third day.

And we ourselves are slaves of Allah. But we feel proud of the occasional obedience thrown in between persistent acts of disobedience! Whatever we do, we think we are good slaves and our Master must be pleased with us. No, scratch that. The real problem is: We don’t accept that we are His slaves! The way we spend our lives is as if we are the masters of our own lives and we can do as we please; as if Allah’s job (Na’aouzubillah) is to just make things go smoothly for us whenever we call out to Him (such as when the going gets too tough for us to handle on our own).

No! He is the Master and we are the slaves. Accepting this role happily will put our lives on track. Yes, He is a Loving and Forgiving Master. But He is the Master- all the same.

Pondering over who He is and who we are changes the definition of sin. It’s an entire paradigm shift. And we are so messed-up. We need an entire paradigm shift.  It is as our pious predecessors said:

“Don’t ever look at the smallness of the sin you are committing, rather realize the magnitude of the One you are sinning against.”